Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, the most common vision problem today. It has become more common in recent years – it is estimated that 40% of the U.S. population suffers from nearsightedness, up from 25% in the 1970’s. Though the exact cause is unknown, many eye doctors believe it comes about from a combination of genetics and eye fatigue due to screen time and near-vision tasks. Typically, people with nearsighteness will compensate for poor vision by squinting and may report eye strain and headaches. Many options exist for treating nearsightednes, from prescription glasses to contacts and even refractive eye surgery. Schedule an eye exam today to learn what options are best for you.
Hyperopia, also known as farsightedness, is a common vision problem affecting about 25% of the population. While nearsightedness makes it difficult to see far away objects, people with farsightedness only have a hard time seeing up close. Farsightedness is caused when light rays enter the eye focus behind the retina instead of landing directly on it. Many babies are born farsighted, but most outgrow it as the eye lengthens normally with age. People with farsightedness may compensate for poor vision by squinting, and may report eye strain and headaches. Farsightedness can be treated in a number of ways, including prescription eyeglasses, contact lenses and corrective surgery. Schedule an eye exam today to learn what options are best for you.
Astigmatism, like nearsightedness and farsightedness, is a refractive error caused when light does not enter the retina in the right place. However, astigmatism is caused by having multiple focus points in the eye, and usually leads to some blurring and distortion at all distances. An irregularly shaped cornea is often to blame, but astigmatism is sometimes caused by irregularities in the lens. People with astigmatism may compensate for poor vision by squinting, and may report eye strain and headaches. Like nearsightedness and farsightednes, astigmatism can be corrected with prescription glasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery. Schedule an eye exam today to learn what options are best for you.
Presbyopia is a form of farsightedness caused by the normal aging process. The eye’s lens stiffens with age, causing difficulty focusing on objects up close. Most people start noticing the effects of presbyopia around age 40, but everyone will experience loss of close-up vision as they age. Presbyopia is part of the normal aging process, but can be a difficult event that symbolizes the onset of old age. Luckily, presbyopia can be addressed with the same treatments as other vision problems – glasses, contacts and corrective surgery are all effective options. Schedule an eye exam today to learn what options are best for you.